Branding vs. Performance Campaigns

There seems to be a consensus that there are generally two categories or types of campaigns online.
In the branding case you don’t expect much to happen other than making sure as many people know about you or link a certain image to your brand. In the case of performance, you mainly worry about getting people to do something after they have interacted with your ads.

While this might be an ok way to categories these activities, I don’t think it’s useful or meaningful because it misses out on a few points.

When you are running a campaign for branding or raising awareness, the ads you run will generate results; views, clicks, interactions, engagements. These should be measured, and you should take action based on the results. You should be testing different creatives and messages to see what resonates with the audience more, this also should be measured. During the campaign, the engagement rates might go down, up, or remain stable. Again you should react by either changing the approach, or stopping the ads where users have clearly indicated with the lower engagement rates that they are fed up with those messages.
Conclusion:

Every branding campaign is a performance campaign.

With so-called performance campaigns, people usually only focus on the results; clicks, conversions, conversion rates, etc. But just because you called it a performance campaign, doesn’t mean there isn’t a by-product of communication happening. More than 90% of people don’t click on your ads, but they still see them. More than 90% of people who click don’t convert, but they still see your site, logo, tone of voice, and general differentiation points. Even the most specific and intellectual ad, the text ad, has your domain name / brand name, and has a claim or two about why people should do business with you; great quality, free delivery, best-in-class service, etc.
Conclusion:

Every performance campaign is a branding campaign.

So how do we classify campaign types and where do we draw the line between the different types?
We simply don’t. It’s not important what you call the campaign, as long as you have actionable, clear goals, and you set the expectations regarding what you can get out of them. There are always unintended consequences and side effects to any campaign and these should be measured, taken into consideration, and made use of.